Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators
The debate will be on the motion “That this House is concerned about the negative impact of Government policy on the finances of working people, with a growing squeeze on living standards caused by the £1,040 per year reduction to universal credit, the rise in National Insurance Contributions for low and middle income workers, increases in council tax, the freezing of the personal income tax allowance from April 2022, the increasing cost of household energy bills, the highest petrol prices since 2013 and the potential for the largest rail fare increase in a decade, the fastest rise in private rental prices since 2008, successive above inflation increases in childcare costs, and rising prices resulting from the supply chain disruption caused by worker and supply shortages; and calls on the Government to change the direction of its policies on these issues because they have created an avoidable and unacceptable burden on working people.”
Below is a list of Library briefing papers and data dashboards that cover areas discussed in the motion. More will be added throughout the day (21 September).
- Opposition Day Debate: Universal Credit and Working Tax Credits (15 September 2021).
- Constituency data: Universal Credit rollout
Income tax and NICs
- Budget 2021: personal allowance & higher rate threshold (July 2021)
- Health and Social Care Levy Bill 2021-22 – discusses the recently announced increases to NICs (September 2021)
Household debt and poverty
- Coronavirus: impact on household savings and debt (July 2021)
- Poverty in the UK: statistics – in particular section 4. (March 2021)
- Food poverty: Households, food banks and free school meals (April 2021)
Rail fares increases
Regulated rail fares are typically increased each year in line with the Retail Prices Index (RPI) in July of the preceding year. The RPI for July 2021 was 3.8 per cent. Should the Government opt to continue this link between RPI in July and regulated rail fares increase, this would mean those fares would rise by 3.8 per cent in 2022. You can read more about how rail fares are set in the Library briefing, Rail fares, ticketing & prospects for reform.
- Inflation: Key economic indicators (September 2021)
- Petrol and diesel prices (July 2021)
- Council tax increases 2021-22 (January 2021)
- What is affordable housing? – includes statistics on affordability for private renters, social renters, and owner-occupier (April 2021)
Data on house prices, mortgage approvals and house-building.
This Briefing Paper provides a general introduction to council tax, a tax levied on domestic properties in England, Scotland and Wales. It explains what council tax is, who has to pay it, how council tax is calculated and set, and whether any exemptions or discounts may be available.