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Inflation in the EU can be compared using the standard Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) or the CPI as it is known in the UK.

UK inflation, as measured by the CPI, was 10.5% in the year to December, down from 10.7% in November. This remains close to a 40-year high. UK inflation was 5.4% in December 2021.

EU inflation was 10.4% in December, down from 11.1% in November. In December 2021, EU inflation was 5.3%.

Inflation in the Eurozone was 9.2% in December, down from 10.1% in November. Eurozone inflation was 5.0% in December 2021.

In Germany, inflation was 9.6% in December, down from 11.3% in November.

In France, inflation was 6.7% in December, down from 7.1% in November.

Hungary had the highest inflation rate in the EU in December (25.0%). Spain had the lowest inflation rate (5.5%).

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